عنوان مقاله [English]
Explaining the cognitive cause of crime in any society requires the identification of macro dimensions, components, sub-components, and elements of direct involvement in crime. In a general division, it can be said that the crime has social, individual, environmental, and factors that can provide or intensify the context in which it occurs. In this division, each macro dimension is explained in the form of sub-systems. As the social system is consistent with the family system, culture, politics and religion. Individual factors will also be adapted to physical and psychological components and the environmental dimension to physical subsets and climate-related features. In addition to these dimensions, education, the factors of the dramogram and media that can provide the basis for committing crime in the event of inappropriate performance can be mentioned. The role and contribution of each of the dimensions presented in different societies is different in the occurrence of a criminal phenomenon. In Iran, according to available statistics, the most important factors associated with committing a crime is the dysfunctional nature of social institutions. So that, on the one hand, various elements of the social system, from family to cultural and economic system within themselves, and on the other hand, there is no proper balance between different social systems. This dissonance between social sub-systems has led to situations in the area of delinquency for people at risk, which can be termed "injury-traumatic status". In this approach, due to the fact that there is a significant relationship between crime and victimization on the part of the criminal offender and the victim, the individuals and the victimized (injured) society are considered as the most important cause of harm. The practical result of this criminal policy analysis is to emphasize the focus on affected individuals and groups in order to increase the effectiveness of crime control policies. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the damaging factors in various social dimensions, using different mechanisms to strengthen the affected groups, to try to remove these vulnerable groups by adopting a variety of supportive methods. In such a situation, the social response (punishment) and its severity not only do not improve social conditions and reduce the crime rate, but, because of the impact on affected people, they tend to exacerbate the context of crime in their dealings with a variety of issues.