عنوان مقاله [English]
Human law is not a Utopia ideal but also it changes to an important and effective point in the societies as normative necessity with values and ethics in the religious and humanistic school. In this view, in light of globalization and perceptions due to time to time development of information technology, government and individuals’ fidelity to respect laws in social and international processes have applied. As freedom is a prerequisite and desirable absent for human and society, everyone must respect this and avoid the aggression with. But prevalent adventures in the society and abusing are causes of the existence and acceptance of criminal responsibility and finally exerting the limitation on the aggressors’ freedom. Keep in mind that perhaps in the crime detection process, pursuance and punishment the criminals, delinquency has not proven yet and authorities been in doubt. In this case, condemning and sentencing the person who has not known as guilty is unfair. This article explains the history of forming the presumption of innocence process by the descriptive- analysis method at first; it also investigates principles of this element then, confers a comparison between Islamic laws and international documents of human law.