عنوان مقاله [English]
The regional human rights systems, today are in charge of implementing the rights of human beings through cooperation and assistance with the international human rights system. These regional systems, including the Inter-American Human Rights System, the European Human Rights System and the Inter-African Human Rights System, work simultaneously and within the framework of the International human rights system. In this article the weaknesses and strengths of the Inter-American Human Rights System, as the oldest regional human rights mechanism, has been studied and analyzed. This human rights system which possesses a structure, independent from other regional human rights systems and a set of unique human rights norms, has been a subject of systematic introduction and description in this article. First, the organizational entities, incorporating the system have been introduced, i.e., The Organization of American States, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, besides the American Convention on Human Rights which is indeed the founding instrument of the Inter-American Court as well. Subsequently the conventions and other human rights instruments concluded within the system, which have received less attention from the international lawyers of our country, are introduced. These instruments have been a subject of description and legal analysis, in terms of their norms, initiatives and the admissibility they have received from the states of western hemisphere. The Inter-American human rights system has always been known for its strengths, such as: historical primacy in proposing issues like political rights of women, prevention of torture and prevention of forced disappearance, but there has also been some weaknesses raised in this regard; For instance, Non-membership of the United States, which is the most influential country in western hemisphere and also a crucial international actor, in the American Convention on Human rights and the Inter-American court of human rights, is a prominent weakness of the system. Besides the criticisms on the system, the mere existence of such a regional system, however inefficient it maybe, contemplating the non-existence of such regional institutions in Asia and Oceania, is a precious human rights achievement, which raises the adoration and admiration of each and every fair-minded human being.