عنوان مقاله [English]
The terrorist group of the Tamil Tigers battle with Sri Lanka's government can be examined in different ways. The study attempts to examine the role of personal mediation in the negotiation process between the group and the Sri Lankan government.
Three direct negotiations between the Tamil Tigers and the Sri Lankan government during the 1985-1995 period did not end, and the parties finally turned to the Norwegian third party to facilitate and accelerate the peace talks. Because of the position, trustworthiness and close connection between Tamil Tigers and Eric Sulheim, he was in the forefront of the Norwegians during the talks. Sulheim was so proud that political criticism in Sri Lanka could not have pushed him out of his negotiating position, even the arrival of the new prime minister in Sri Lanka and the change of government in Norway also did not affect the process of his work and his influence in the negotiations.
In addition to Norway, the international peacekeeping body including of the representatives from United States, the European Union, Japan, and Norway has also made great efforts to establish peace between the government and the group, but Norway has more to do with Norway, and with regards to Norway The role of Eric Sulheim is more prominent than any other factor. And this highlights the special position of mediation in disputes between the terrorist groups or the opposition government with the state. A solution that is least costly, compared to other solutions.