عنوان مقاله [English]
In fact, the concept of "market economy" was first used only to meet the exchange needs of individuals in the form of barter transactions. Today, this concept is one of the salient features of the economics of capitalism and liberalism. However, the implementation of the socialist economy is still not without the need for a market model. In the latter case, the issue of providing effective application of market economy from resources and the process of methods of its use in the proposed mechanisms is discussed. Therefore, the existence of a market in the economic system can be accepted as a technical necessity.
In a market economy, the purpose of government intervention is not simply to ensure social justice. Because government interference in its minimum goals includes market control and enforcement. Therefore, the government must abandon the role of impartial arbitration in order to support the weak economic strata in the social arena. Although this is technically an issue in the "market economy", these legal measures and regulations themselves will make it mandatory. In fact, the choice of the type of economic system somehow represents a political preference. But after choosing this system, it is necessary to take measures and provide a legal and economic background. Thus, by adopting the "social market economy" model, in a strict sense, the negative role of the government in the "market economy" system becomes a positive and active role. In relation to the "market economy", the government lays down the economic foundations for the application of this system and complements the principles of the "social market economy" with legal rules.